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Geography of Lakhimpur

Situated at the northeast corner of Assam the Lakhimpur district is an administrative district in the state of Assam. A beautiful district situated in the upper Assam area the Lakhimpur district is situated on the northern bank of the mighty river Brahmaputra. The district headquarters are located in North Lakhimpur which is also the name of the town that is North Lakhimpur.

Boundaries of Lakhimpur

The Lakhimpur district shares its borders with the state of Arunachal Pradesh. To the north of the district lie Siang and Papumpare district of Arunachal Pradesh. To the east of the district lie Dhemaji district and the Subansiri River. The Majuli Sub Division of Jorhat District lies on the southern side of the district and to the west of the district is the Gahpur sub division of Sonitpur District.

Area of Lakhimpur

The Lakhimpur district occupies an area of 2,277 square kilometers out of which 2257 Sq km is rural and 20 sq km is urban. The district is located 26.48’ and 27.53’ northern latitude and 93.42’ and 94.20' east longitude. The district has alluvial soil which is very fertile and so crops flourish here without the use of artificial manure.

Rivers in Lakhimpur

Subansiri riverThe lifeline of the Lakhimpur district is the Subansiri river, the biggest tributary of the Brahmaputra River. Originating in the Himalayas in China the Subansiri River spans from Tsona Dzong up to the great loop of the Tsangpo in Tibet. The river has a run of 170 km in Tibet and 250 km in Himalayas. From there it flows east and southwest into India. It descends through rainforests in Arunachal Pradesh. It flows south to the Assam Valley. Subansiri joins the Brahmaputra in the Lakhimpur district.

Minerals of Lakhimpur

The Subansiri River has legends of gold washing but now there is no any major exploration of minerals in the district. There is now only some minor exploration for petroleum by ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation) near Dhakuakhana.

Forest Area in Lakhimpur

Mainly tropical rain forests are found in the district. The important reserved forests here include Kakoi Reserve, Ranga Reserve, Dulung Reserve and Pabho Reserve. The varieties include Ajhar (Lagerstroemia speciosa), Hollokh (Terminalia myriocarpa), Sum (Machilus), Simolu (Bombax ceiba or Salmalia malabarica), Gomari (Gmelina arborea), Silikha (Terminalia chebula), Sisu (Dalbergia sissoo), Neem (Azadirachta indica) and Nahar (Mesua ferrea) etc. In the forests in Lakhimpur wild elephants including  buffaloes, deer, elephant, hyenas, tigers etc are fund. Also in the swampy areas varieties of bird species could be seen.

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